IELTS Academic Writing: Kaçınılması Gerekenler

Mistakes to avoid in IELTS Academic Writing

by IDP IELTS — July 8th, 2020

Many of us think that the most difficult part of the IELTS Academic test is Writing part and we work more on this section to reach the band score we want. So what are the mistakes to avoid in the IELTS Academic Writing?

Simple Vocabulary

To show your vocabulary, avoid using simple words that first comes to mind when discussing a topic. Use more complex and accurate vocabulary to increase your band score.

Adjectives

Using more complex adjectives can increase your band score.

Frequently used   Recommended
A big number of people travel for leisure. A large number of people travel for leisure.
Enforcing stronger penalties is an easy solution. Enforcing stronger penalties is an obvious solution.
Modelling this behaviour can have a bad effect on children. Modelling this behaviour can have a negative effect on children.
Nouns

Some names have a very general definition like “things” and “stuff”. When writing about a topic, use precise and formal language instead of these words.

Frequently used Recommended  
People tend to collect many things over time. People tend to collect many items over time.
Often, stuff from our past can hurt us today. Often, experiences from our past can hurt us today.
Cops need to be strict yet sympathetic when dealing with the public. Police officers need to be strict yet sympathetic when dealing with the public.
Verbs

There are also verbs with various meanings and uses such as ‘have’, ‘give’ and ‘get’. Use subject-specific verbs as much as possible to make the sentence more accurate.

Frequently used   Recommended
This manual gives detailed information about the machinery used. This manual provides detailed information about the machinery used.
Getting the correct information can be difficult. Obtaining the correct information can be difficult.
When someone has the right tools, their future is bright. When someone possesses the right tools, their future is bright.
Adverbs

It is common to use “very” and “so” to highlight a point. Always think that there may be a different and more accurate way of saying the same thing.

Frequently used Recommended
Understanding the issue is very important.  Understanding the issue is crucial.
Forming a strong opinion can be so difficult for some. Forming a strong opinion can be extremely difficult for some.
Daily language

Although some words and phrases comes very natural when speaking, it is informal to use the same language when writing. Task 2 should be written in a formal language, so different types of everyday language should be avoided.

Abbreviations

Always use words in their full form to achieve the word limit and make the text appear formal.

Frequently used   Recommended  
This requirement must be completed a.s.a.p. This requirement must be completed as soon as possible.
Many factors contribute to the issue (ex. air pollution). Many factors, such as air pollution, contribute to the issue.
Words can’t express the deep emotions that individuals feel. Words cannot express the deep emotions individuals feel.
Technology doesn’t have a place in our school system. Technology does not have a place in our school system.
Quantifiers

Although it is frequently used in the Speaking section, using “a lot of” and “lots of” in the Academic Writing is also considered an informal language.

Frequently used   Recommended
Lots of people use public transportation. Several people use public transportation.
With social media being so popular, only a few people actually meet in person. With social media being so popular, only a slight number of people meet in person.
Phrasal Verbs

While it is normal to use phrasal verbs when speaking, there are more academic ways to express ourselves when writing.

Frequently used Recommended
Running out of options can be a negative consequence. Exhausting all options can be a negative consequence.
Organizations can call off any promotion at any time. Organizations can cancel any promotion at any time.
When an idea blows up on the internet, it goes viral. When an idea explodes on the internet, it goes viral.
Sentence structure

In addition to using simple grammatical structures, using an easy and ordinary language can negatively affect your Writing score. Do not write “we can clearly see” and “it is obvious that”. Also try to write linking words and phrases in a complex yet natural way.

Frequently used   Recommended
It is obvious that the number of students increased over the two-year period. The number of students increased over the two-year period.
At the end of the day, it doesn’t matter what you do, it’s how you do it. In conclusion, it doesn’t matter what you do, it’s how you do it.
There are many issues within the education system. Many issues are occuringoccurring within the education system.

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